Prostate cancer: A silent disease that not only affects older men

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men. However, the chances of cure are very high if it is detected in the initial stages. Therefore, those who present any of the risk factors, reviews should not be ignored

Various medical sources offer information about prostate cancer.

The prostate is a gland that belongs to the male reproductive system. “It is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is the size of a walnut and surrounds part of the urethra (the tube that carries urine out from the bladder). The prostate gland produces a fluid that is part of semen.explain the specialists from the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM).

For its part, the Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC) clarifies that our body is made up of tissues and these, in turn, are made up of a set of cells that divide regularly in order to replace those that are already aged or dead.

“This process is regulated by a series of mechanisms that tell the cell when to start dividing and when to remain stable. If these mechanisms are altered in a cell, it and its descendants begin an uncontrolled division that, over time, will give rise to a tumor or nodule”, he details.

The disease does not only affect older men

“When these cells, in addition to growing without control, acquire the ability to invade tissues and organs around them (infiltration) and to move and proliferate in other parts of the body (metastasis), we speak of a malignant tumor, which is what we call cancer. If the tumor cells, with the capacity to invade the surrounding healthy tissues and reach distant organs and implant themselves in them, They are located in the prostate, we are dealing with prostate cancer”, he points out.

According to data provided by the Urology and Lithiasis Service of the Ruber Internacional Hospital of Madrideach year about 700,000 new cases are diagnosed in the world, which represents 11.7% of all male tumors.

In this sense, they point out that it is necessary to take into account that when the disease is diagnosed in its initial stages, it has a high survival rate. On the other hand, if it is not detected in time, it progresses and can lead to metastasis..

“Unfortunately, some men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the last stages of the disease since, in the initial stages, prostate cancer does not present symptoms,” explains Patricia Ramírez, urologist at Hospital Ruber Internacional.

Dr. Ramírez specifies that “The disease does not only affect older men”which is why it recommends that all men aged 45-50 and older attend their urological check-ups.

People with certain characteristics are more likely to suffer from the disease. However, the American Cancer Society highlights that having one or even several risk factors does not mean that the tumor will develop, since there are people with these characteristics who never develop cancer.

In the case of prostate cancer, the main risk factor is age. “It is rare to affect men under 40, but the likelihood increases rapidly after age 50. About 6 in 10 prostate cancers are detected in men over 65”says the American Cancer Society.

(With information from EFE Health)